Excerpted from the India Career Guide
Spending in India’s IT sector is expected to increase nearly 13 percent this year, fueled by state and federal government spending. India’s vast IT market is one of Asia’s largest growth opportunities for the next five years, according to Business Monitor International. That longer-term growth will come from tier-III and tier-IV (smaller) cities as computer penetration there increases. IT services is the fastest-growing segment of India’s IT market.
In spite of recent declines, India’s BPO (business process outsourcing) industry is set to reach 100 billion USD this year, and it still commands the lion’s share of the global BPO market.
In spite of what looks like good growth forecasts, India’s IT industry is showing signs of a “midlife crisis.” The long-successful business model, which was based on IT maintenance, development and manpower-based pricing models, needs to change, according to industry experts. Now, India’s IT services are being moved to lower-cost countries like the Philippines and Vietnam. Also, the UK and the US are urging Indian companies to set up local centers in those countries in an effort to create more jobs at home. Because of these trends, IT hiring is the slowest it’s been in five years at Indian IT services companies Infosys and Wipro.
Areas of Job Promise
Critical Skills Gaps
Of the approximately 400,000 engineers who graduate every year in India, only 20 percent meet the requirements of Indian industry. The rest would need rigorous training before becoming employable, according to NASSCOM (National Association of Software and Services Companies, India’s software trade organization).
Salaries for entry-level programmers have remained in the range of 325,000 INR per year for more than five years. IBM has more than 100,000 workers in India whose salaries average 17,000 USD per year. While this is quite low compared to US wages, it is in line with IT wages in India.
This is just a short sample of what you’ll find in over 100 pages of information in the complete India Guide.