Excerpted from the Norway Career Guide
Cost of Living
Norway’s strong economic status is a mixed blessing for expatriates, as those forces that make Norway an economically sound country also make it one of the world’s most expensive in which to live. Oslo is the most expensive European city for expats, according to ECA International.
Prices for accommodations in Norway can cost as much as a third or even half of one's salary. However, it is common for employers to provide expats with a housing allowance in their employment contracts.
Norway has a comprehensive and reliable bus system for long-distance travels, and every city and town offers a local bus service as well. It is important to keep in mind that both local and long-distance buses may have curtailed schedules on the weekends and during winter.
Medical Care/Health Insurance
The Ministry of Health and Care Services (Helse- og omsorgsdepartementet, HOD) provides free basic medical services to all citizens as well as those registered as residents or working in Norway. The system is supported by the National Insurance Scheme (NIS or Folketrydgen).
Work Schedules and Holidays
All employees are entitled to five weeks of paid holiday during a calendar year, including three consecutive weeks between June 1 and September 30.Employees over age 60 are entitled to one additional week of paid leave.
Norway has low personal income taxation rates compared to other European and Nordic countries – 39 percent. Like the other Nordic countries, Norway has a dual tax system: income and pensions are taxed at progressive rates while other sources of income are taxed at a flat rate.
Social Security and Pension
Norway has a comprehensive social insurance program. Its benefits include old age and disability pensions, unemployment insurance, health insurance, sickness and maternity insurance, work injury insurance and family allowances.
This is just a short sample of what you’ll find in over 100 pages of information in the complete Norway Guide.