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Chile: Resumes/CV Guidelines

2017-06-24
by Goinglobal

A resume or CV in Chile will generally include a heading, summary, education, professional goals, work history, publications/conferences and additional information. 

Chilean Resumés 

Regardless of the format chosen, a resumé/CV for a position in Chile generally will include the following elements:
 
Heading: Include name, phone number, email address, RUT number (the Rol Único Tributario, a tax identification number) and, if requested by the employer or desired by the applicant, a photo. In Chile, it is illegal for an employer to require a photo with a CV, request details about age, gender or appearance, or otherwise engage in any potentially discriminatory hiring practices. Nevertheless, such requests from employers remain common. If you decide to include a photo with your resumé/CV, below are some tips: 

  • Generally, the photo should be similar to those used for passports.
  • The photo should be current and should show you well-dressed.
  • The photo should not be cropped. It should be in focus and proportional.
  • The background should be plain and solid, preferably white.
  • The photo should be a headshot, not a body shot, and should be taken from straight ahead.
  • You should appear serious, but not overly so. 

Summary: In this section, you should list any unique skills and describe what you can offer the employer.
 
Education: Education is highly valued in Chile. List the highest degree awarded first, with the name of the institution. You also should include secondary schools, if you are a recent graduate. In this section, you can list university-level awards, diplomas, classes, assistantships and special skills (foreign language and IT/software skills). These last two points also can be mentioned under the ‘Additional Information’ section (see below). If listing educational courses taken, list only those relevant to the position.
 
Professional Goals: Here, you should list professional goals you wish to achieve in the short- and medium-term, including how you expect to develop professionally within the organization. Make this no more than two to three sentences. Employers prefer one-page resumés/CV, so make this space count.
 
Work History: This section includes the name of each organization for which you have worked, including start and end dates, job title, and principal tasks and achievements. Sentences should begin with an action verb; e.g., “Expanded customer base by 20 percent.” The following types of experience can be included: 

  • Alumni association or student body experience
  • Assistantships
  • Internships
  • Part-time, summer or contract positions
  • Research experience
  • Traineeships
  • Volunteer positions 

Students who are in their first years of university should include experience acquired during secondary school, such as awards and involvement in student body organizations. Students in their third year and onward should include only experience acquired at jobs or involvement at the university, not secondary school experience.
 
Publications/Conferences: In this section, you can list any articles, such as published research or any relevant conference participation. Omit this section if there is nothing to list.
 
Additional Information: List additional skills or experience, such as knowledge of foreign languages, IT/software skills, hobbies, and social or sports activities. In Chile, this section can include date of birth and nationality. For foreign languages and IT/software skills, include your proficiency levels. For professional positions, knowledge of common applications such as Word and Excel is taken for granted; therefore, you should list particular or specialist software skills.
 
References (but don’t include unless requested by the employer): In this section, include the names and contact information of referees within a university or work context. A list of references typically would be presented during a job interview.
 
You should avoid: 

  • Using common resumé/CV templates that come with word processors.
  • Beginning sentences with the word ‘I,’ or using the words ‘I,’ ‘us’ and ‘they (yonosotrosellos).’
  • Using graphics or colored paper.
  • Mentioning controversial organizations or activities.
  • Using abbreviations.
  • Mentioning tasks not relevant to the position, such as answering emails and filing.
  • Including documents such as report cards, study certificates or letters of recommendation (unless specifically requested).
  • Including highly personal information, such as preferences, health or political/religious affiliations.
  • Leaving unexplained gaps in the resumé/CV.
  • Including references — the candidate provides these to the employer upon request at an interview (unless specifically requested). 

If asked to send a resumé/CV through the Internet or email, do not take this as an invitation to lower your communication standards; indeed, you should remain formal in all communications. Always follow the employers' instructions regarding submission of a resumé/CV. The employer might ask applicants to submit resumés/CVs in plain text, or it may require applicants to fill out online forms.
 
If the employer asks that the résumé/CV be sent by email, try to find out whether the preferred form is as an attachment or in the body of the email. If sending your resumé/CV as an attachment, use clear, simple fonts in a common file format, preferably PDF, as Word documents sometimes can be manipulated or may be incompatible with the employer’s computer system. The file should be named FirstnameLastname.pdf; e.g., MayraDiaz.pdf. Do not name the file ‘CV’ or similar. If sending your resumé/CV as the body of an email, do not use bold, italics or underline.

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